c) The fresh new east Jewish dialects display several have: biggest fret (1), alter off [Theta] to at least one (4), reinterpretation from verb category given that contour (5), and you will reflexive pronouns predicated on nos- (17). Talking about areal has and this span the basic divide ranging from Halabja to the one hand and you can Koy Sanjaq and you may Azerbaijan on most other. This is not clear in which dialect each starts, but they are more than likely lent from 1 on others and not passed down in common.
These around three biggest clusters from isoglosses portray merely a little part of your own proof that is taken to incur into taxonomy of one’s NENA languages. Hoberman (1988, 573), using facts of pronouns, demonstrates the current presence of a northern Iraqi dialect category (here represented from the Zakho, Tisqopa, and you will Aradhin) and this can’t be identified based on the restricted investigation shown right here. All it takes now could be each other fuller meanings of the dialects already recorded, to make sure that more widespread and you may pinpointing attributes is obtainable, and now have field-work to help you checklist the numerous languages being on the brink regarding extinction.
step 1 Thank you are due to people who discussed studies and you will pointers, such as Gene Gragg, Robert Hoberman, and you can Jo Rubba. Elizabeth.H. june stipend.
step three Garbell (1964, 100-103) claims the sound system of Jewish Azerbaiaic from Kurdish. Her top evidence because of it is the pronunciation out of Hebrew financing-terminology inside dialect. Hebrew loanwords for the Jewish Azerbaijani keep certain songs that happen to be removed or merged with people throughout the prominent Neo-Aramaic code. Garbell claims these particular retentions prove these Hebrew terms and conditions was indeed lent in the first place during the Kurdish, and therefore a small grouping Dating-Seiten kleine Menschen of Kurdish speakers later on managed to move on in order to Neo-Aramaic. It seems apt to be the Hebrew issues regarding the dialect failed to participate in the new voice changes in question because of the unique spiritual sign in that it fall in. They could have altered and started recovered for the base of one’s conventional enunciation away from surrounding groups.
cuatro A raised + implies that the second phrase try pronounced on suprasegmental element ’emphasis’ which is found somewhat in most NENA dialects. Phonetically, stress are state-of-the-art, but its first parts try velarization, and is also tend to as a result of the existence of the newest emphatic consonants t and s.
eight In the dialect of Tyari [Theta] tend to becomes s. Which dialect, which had been verbal just before 1915 inside a local out-of Hakkari, is not chatted about right here because the materials on it was lack of.
8 This isn’t obvious whether this type is available during the the fresh Halabja dialect. My personal informants after that realized it, but told you it had been much more trait of your neighboring city of Suleimaniya. Whatever the case, it’s not familiar from the dialect of your Jews off Sanandaj.
9 Robert Hoberman implies in my opinion your NENA models could possibly get now have originated in a keen unattested metathesized elizabeth[Theta]peel ezdi.
Boyarin, Daniel. 1981. Into the Bono Homini Donum: Essays into the Historic Linguistics when you look at the Recollections from J. Alexander Kerns, ed. Yoel L. Arbeitman and you can Allan R. Bomhard. Amsterdam Training regarding the Idea and you may Reputation of Linguistic Research, show IV. Most recent Affairs within the Linguistic Theory sixteen. Region II, 613-49. Amsterdam: John Benjamins.
Garbell, Irene. 1964. Apartment Words and you can Syllables in the Jewish Eastern New Aramaic regarding Persian Azerbaijan and Continguous Districts (An issue of Multilingualism). Inside Studies into the Egyptology and you can Linguistics honoring H. J. Polotsky, ed. H. B. Rosen, 86-103. Jerusalem: Israel Mining Area.